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General linux crash recovery question.[Fixed]

Offline william_syd

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General linux crash recovery question.[Fixed]
« on: November 09, 2006, 10:30:03 AM »
Due to probably over zealous stopping and starting of VMware VM's on my SME7 I've caused some file system corruption.

The following is the last part of what I get during boot..
Code: [Select]
Checking root filesystem
[/sbin/fsck.ext3 (1) -- /] fsck.ext3 -a /dev/main/root
/dev/main/root contains a file system with errors, check forced.
/dev/main/root: Inodes that were part of a corrupted orphan linked list found.  

/dev/main/root: UNEXPECTED INCONSISTENCY; RUN fsck MANUALLY.
(i.e., without -a or -p options)
[FAILED]

*** An error occurred during the file system check.
*** Dropping you to a shell; the system will reboot
*** when you leave the shell.
Give root password for maintenance
(or type Control-D to continue):
Unmounting file systems
umount: none: not found
umount: /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc: not mounted
umount: none: not found
umount: /dev/shm: not mounted
umount: /dev/md1: not mounted
Automatic reboot in progress.
Restarting system.


Is there a recovery procedure to follow ?
Regards,
William

IF I give advise.. It's only if it was me....

owen

General linux crash recovery question.[Fixed]
« Reply #1 on: November 09, 2006, 12:54:26 PM »
Hi William,

Are these errors in your host or guest filesystem?

When it dropped you to the shell, did you try running fsck like it suggested?

Code: [Select]
dev/main/root: UNEXPECTED INCONSISTENCY; RUN fsck MANUALLY.
   (i.e., without -a or -p options)


The -a option in fsck is for automatic repair, which it obviously isn't able to do in your case.

Reboot and when it drops you to the shell again (after typing in your root password), try:

Code: [Select]
fsck /dev/main/root

I'm not sure if LVM is recognized in single user mode, but its worth a shot. Otherwise you might try booting from a recent Fedora install cd to make use of its recovery console (as I believe it is friendlier to LVM) and try running fsck from there.

Just remember to go slow and read the output of the commands so you understand what you are doing.

Offline william_syd

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General linux crash recovery question.[Fixed]
« Reply #2 on: November 10, 2006, 04:40:19 AM »
Quote from: "owen"
Are these errors in your host or guest filesystem?

Host (SME7)

Looks like I'm going to get a truckload of errors..
Code: [Select]
(Repair filesystem) 1 # fsck /dev/main/root
fsck 1.35 (28-Feb-2004)
e2fsck 1.35 (28-Feb-2004)
/dev/main/root contains a file system with errors, check forced.
Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes
Inodes that were part of a corrupted orphan linked list found.  Fix<y>? no

Inode 24395808 was part of the orphaned inode list.  IGNORED.
Inode 24395809 was part of the orphaned inode list.  IGNORED.
Inode 24395852 was part of the orphaned inode list.  IGNORED.
Inode 24396054 was part of the orphaned inode list.  IGNORED.
Inode 24396076 was part of the orphaned inode list.  IGNORED.
Inode 24396055, i_blocks is 20520, should be 37024.  Fix<y>? no

Inode 29458433, i_blocks is 53136, should be 59592.  Fix<y>? no

Should I just say yes?

Oh, for the record, I've got all the data backed up so recovering this disk is really a learning exercise.
Regards,
William

IF I give advise.. It's only if it was me....

owen

General linux crash recovery question.[Fixed]
« Reply #3 on: November 10, 2006, 05:04:28 AM »
Good to hear that you have a backup.

While recovering from backups will be a learning exercise, so will recovering from these errors. The experience will come in handy for the day that you don't have a backup.

I suggest seeing how far you can get with fsck by answering yes (just 'y') to fixing the errors it finds. There may be screens upon screens of them, so you can add the -y option to the command to answer yes to all questions so that your finger doesn't get tired.

Offline william_syd

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General linux crash recovery question.[Fixed]
« Reply #4 on: November 10, 2006, 06:30:17 AM »
It looked bad..
Code: [Select]
(Repair filesystem) 1 # fsck -y /dev/main/root
fsck 1.35 (28-Feb-2004)
e2fsck 1.35 (28-Feb-2004)
/dev/main/root contains a file system with errors, check forced.
Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes
Inodes that were part of a corrupted orphan linked list found.  Fix? yes

Inode 24395808 was part of the orphaned inode list.  FIXED.
Inode 24395809 was part of the orphaned inode list.  FIXED.
Inode 24395852 was part of the orphaned inode list.  FIXED.
Inode 24396054 was part of the orphaned inode list.  FIXED.
Inode 24396076 was part of the orphaned inode list.  FIXED.
Inode 24396055, i_blocks is 20520, should be 37024.  Fix? yes

Inode 29458433, i_blocks is 53136, should be 59592.  Fix? yes

Inode 36049003 was part of the orphaned inode list.  FIXED.
Pass 2: Checking directory structure
Pass 3: Checking directory connectivity
Pass 4: Checking reference counts
Pass 5: Checking group summary information
Block bitmap differences:  -(48797865--48797867) -(48797869--48797875) -(48797878--48797952) -(48797960--48798031) -(48798035--48798059) -(48798084--48798101) -(48798108--48798132) -(48798136--48798137) -(48798153--48798166) -(48798185--48798199) -(48798236--48798245) -(48798264--48798292) -(48798364--48798369) -(48798392--48798393) -(48798496--48798505) -(48798520--48798521) -(48798624--48798656) -(48798664--48798666) -(48798672--48798696) -(48798753--48798764) -(48798776--48798777) -(48798904--48798905) -(48799032--48799033) -(48799160--48799161) -(48799288--48799289) -(48799416--48799417) -(48799544--48799557) -(48799672--48799680) -(48799688--48799690) -(48801983--48802087) -(48802089--48802090) -48803842 -(48807977--48807983) -(48807986--48807988) -48807992 -48809993 -48809996 -(48809999--48810001) -(48813074--48813075) -(48813078--48813084) -48813289 -48813362 -48813364 -(48817499--48817503) -(48817505--48817511) -48817513 -(56332949--56332982) -56332987 +(58951179--58951183) 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-(59633040--59633041) -59633048 -59633056 -59633064 -(59633072--59633074) -(59633080--59633081) -(59633088--59633090) -59633096 -59633104 -(59633112--59633117) -(59633120--59633121) -59633128 -(59633136--59633137) -(59633144--59633152) -(59633160--59633162) -59633168 -59633176 -59633184 -59633192 -(59633200--59633210) -59633216 -59633224 -(59633232--59633238) -(59633240--59633256) -59633264 -(59633272--59633368) -(59633376--59633381) -(59633384--59633385) -(59633392--59633472) -(59633480--59633485) -(59633488--59633500) -(59633504--59633507) -59633512 -59633520 -59633528 -59633536 -59633544 -59633552 -59633560 -(59633584--59633591) -(59633731--59633732) -(59633801--59633810) -59633898 -(59633946--59633947) -(59633968--59633985) -(59633992--59633993) -(59633996--59634000) -59634005 -59634008 -(59634016--59634030) -(59634388--59634445) -59634448 -(59634456--59634529) -59634536 -(59634544--59634602) -(59634608--59634626) -(59634632--59634676) -(59634680--59634749) -(59634755--59634757) -59634760 -(59634831--59634850) -(59635016--59635019) -(59635029--59635033) -(59635498--59635524) -(59635528--59635532) -(59635536--59635548) -(59635552--59635557) -(59635560--59635566) -59635568 -59635576 -59635584 -(59635592--59635600) -(59635779--59635781) -(59636040--59636043) -(59636053--59636096) -(59636104--59636170) -59636176 -59636184 -(59636192--59636193) -59636200 -(59636208--59636212) -(59636522--59636530) -(59636552--59636555) -(59636571--59636572) -(59636589--59636590) -(59636619--59636620) -(59636803--59636808) -(59637077--59637080) -(59637144--59637148) -(59637180--59637183) -(59637216--59637217) -(59637546--59637550) -59637578 -(59637595--59637606) -(59638274--59638336) -59638344 -(59638352--59638400) -(59638408--59638464) -(59638472--59638478) -(59638480--59638481) -(59638488--59638528) -(59638536--59638566) -(59638568--59638592) -(59638600--59638606) -(59638608--59638656) -(59638664--59638720) -(59638728--59638784) -(59638792--59638848) -(59638856--59638858) -(59638864--59638912) -(59638920--59638922) -(59638928--59638938) -(59638944--59638953) -(59638960--59638962) -(59639333--59639360) -(59639368--59639370) -(59639376--59639395) -(59639952--59639970) -(59640362--59640363) -(59640403--59640412) -(59640976--59641001) -(59641386--59641387) -(59641434--59641440) -(59642017--59642020) -59642410 -(59642458--59642462) -(59643434--59643443)
Fix? yes

Free blocks count wrong for group #1489 (7588, counted=8163).
Fix? yes

Free blocks count wrong for group #1719 (103, counted=138).
Fix? yes

Free blocks count wrong for group #1799 (6288, counted=5161).
Fix? yes

Free blocks count wrong for group #1819 (24850, counted=23107).
Fix? yes

Free blocks count wrong (35600312, counted=35598052).
Fix? yes

Inode bitmap differences:  -16861831 -(24395808--24395809) -24395852 -24396054 -24396076 -36049003
Fix? yes

Free inodes count wrong for group #1029 (13052, counted=13053).
Fix? yes

Free inodes count wrong for group #1489 (16083, counted=16088).
Fix? yes

Free inodes count wrong for group #2200 (12177, counted=12178).
Fix? yes

Free inodes count wrong (36203204, counted=36203211).
Fix? yes


/dev/main/root: ***** FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED *****
/dev/main/root: ***** REBOOT LINUX *****
/dev/main/root: 152885/36356096 files (6.0% non-contiguous), 37097756/72695808 blocks
(Repair filesystem) 2 # reboot

Then it looked worse..
Code: [Select]
INIT: Entering non-interactive startup
Stopping HAL daemon: [FAILED]
Stopping system message bus: [FAILED]
   Shutting down http.vmware: [FAILED]
Stopping VMware services:
   Virtual machine monitor[  OK  ]
   Bridged networking on /dev/vmnet0[FAILED]
   DHCP server on /dev/vmnet1[FAILED]
   Host-only networking on /dev/vmnet1[FAILED]
   DHCP server on /dev/vmnet8[FAILED]
   NAT service on /dev/vmnet8[FAILED]
   Host-only networking on /dev/vmnet8[FAILED]
   Virtual ethernet[  OK  ]
Shutting down AppleTalk services:
  Stopping papd:[FAILED]
  Unregistering tiger:Workstation: Can't unregister tiger:Workstation@*
[FAILED]
  Unregistering tiger:netatalk: Can't unregister tiger:netatalk@*
[FAILED]
  Stopping atalk:[FAILED]
  Stopping afpd:[FAILED]
  Stopping cnid_metad:[FAILED]

Stopping xinetd: [FAILED]rm: cannot remove `/var/run/xinetd.pid': Read-only file system

rm: cannot remove `/var/lock/subsys/xinetd': Read-only file system
Stopping acpi daemon: [FAILED]
Stopping crond: [FAILED]rm: cannot remove `/var/run/crond.pid': Read-only file system

Shutting down kernel logger: [FAILED]rm: cannot remove `/var/run/klogd.pid': Read-only file system

Shutting down system logger: [FAILED]rm: cannot remove `/var/run/syslogd.pid': Read-only file system

Shutting down interface bond0:  [  OK  ]
Shutting down interface eth0:  [  OK  ]
Shutting down loopback interface:  [  OK  ]
Disabling IPv4 packet forwarding:  [  OK  ]
rm: cannot remove `/var/lock/subsys/network': Read-only file system
Starting killall:  Stopping acpi daemon: [FAILED]
Shutting down AppleTalk services:
  Stopping papd:[FAILED]
  Unregistering tiger:Workstation: Can't unregister tiger:Workstation@*
[FAILED]
  Unregistering tiger:netatalk: Can't unregister tiger:netatalk@*
[FAILED]
  Stopping atalk:[FAILED]
  Stopping afpd:[FAILED]
  Stopping cnid_metad:[FAILED]

Stopping crond: [FAILED]rm: cannot remove `/var/run/crond.pid': Read-only file system

Stopping HAL daemon: [FAILED]
   Shutting down http.vmware: /etc/init.d/httpd.vmware: line 213:  2400 Terminated              ( trap '' SIGHUP; "$func" "$@" ) >/dev/null 2>&1
[FAILED]
touch: cannot touch `/var/lock/subsys/local': Read-only file system
Stopping system message bus: [FAILED]
Shutting down kernel logger: [FAILED]
Shutting down system logger: rm: cannot remove `/var/run/klogd.pid': Read-only file system
[FAILED]
rm: cannot remove `/var/run/syslogd.pid': Read-only file system
Stopping VMware services:
   Virtual machine monitor[  OK  ]
   Bridged networking on /dev/vmnet0[FAILED]
   DHCP server on /dev/vmnet1[FAILED]
   Host-only networking on /dev/vmnet1[FAILED]
   DHCP server on /dev/vmnet8[FAILED]
   NAT service on /dev/vmnet8[FAILED]
   Host-only networking on /dev/vmnet8[FAILED]
   Virtual ethernet[  OK  ]
Stopping xinetd: [FAILED]rm: cannot remove `/var/run/xinetd.pid': Read-only file system

rm: cannot remove `/var/lock/subsys/xinetd': Read-only file system
[FAILED]
Sending all processes the TERM signal...
Sending all processes the KILL signal...
Saving mixer settings alsactl: save_state:1088: Cannot open /etc/asound.state for writing

touch: cannot touch `/var/lib/random-seed': Read-only file system
chmod: changing permissions of `/var/lib/random-seed': Read-only file system
Saving random seed:  
Syncing hardware clock to system time hwclock: Could not open file with the clock adjustment parameters in it (/etc/adjtime) for writing, errno=30: Read-only file system.
Drift adjustment parameters not updated.

Turning off quotas:  quotaoff: quotactl on /dev/mapper/main-root [/]: No such process
quotaoff: quotactl on /dev/mapper/main-root [/]: No such process

rm: cannot remove `/.autofsck': Read-only file system
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: usbfs: not found
umount: /proc/bus/usb: not mounted
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: usbfs: not found
umount: /proc/bus/usb: not mounted
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: /dev/md1: not mounted
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: /dev/md1: not mounted
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: none: not found
umount: /dev/shm: not mounted
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: none: not found
umount: /dev/shm: not mounted
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: none: not found
umount: /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc: not mounted
umount2: Invalid argument
umount: none: not found
umount: /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc: not mounted
mount: /sys not mounted already, or bad option
mount: /dev/pts not mounted already, or bad option
mount: /proc/bus/usb not mounted already, or bad option
mount: /boot not mounted already, or bad option
mount: /dev/shm not mounted already, or bad option
mount: /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc not mounted already, or bad option
Please stand by while rebooting the system...

Then all was good...
Code: [Select]
INIT: version 2.85 booting
Welcome to  CentOS release 4.3 (Final) - SME Server 7.0
Press 'I' to enter interactive startup.
Starting udev:  [  OK  ]
Initializing hardware...  storage network audio done[  OK  ]
Configuring kernel parameters:  [  OK  ]
Setting clock  (utc): Fri Nov 10 16:17:20 EST 2006 [  OK  ]
Setting hostname tiger:  [  OK  ]
Checking root filesystem
[/sbin/fsck.ext3 (1) -- /] fsck.ext3 -a /dev/main/root
/dev/main/root: clean, 152899/36356096 files, 37094739/72695808 blocks
[  OK  ]
Remounting root filesystem in read-write mode:  [  OK  ]
No Software RAID disks
Setting up Logical Volume Management: [  OK  ]
mdadm: only specify super-minor once, super-minor=2 ignored.
mdadm: only specify super-minor once, super-minor=1 ignored.
No Software RAID disks
Setting up Logical Volume Management: [  OK  ]
File descriptor 21 left open
  2 logical volume(s) in volume group "main" now active
Checking filesystems
Checking all file systems.
[/sbin/fsck.ext3 (1) -- /boot] fsck.ext3 -a /dev/md1
/dev/md1: clean, 56/26104 files, 29119/104320 blocks
[  OK  ]
Mounting local filesystems:  [  OK  ]


Thank you.
Regards,
William

IF I give advise.. It's only if it was me....